The study compares the conventional Navy recompression treatment tables and the newer rapid recompression-high pressure oxygenation RR-HPO method for the treatment of traumatic cerebral air embolism. Seven cases are presented. These cases occurred as a result of submarine escape training at the Naval Submarine Base, Groton, Connecticut, and were successfully treated with the latter method. Factors regarding the rationale of the use of this new approach are discussed. Since the writing of this paper, the Navy Department has approved the treatment schedules recommended herein for the treatment of traumatic air embolism.