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SOME COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE RUSSIAN AND CHINESE 'MODELS',
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
The Russians and Chinese have disagreed on whether or not the Chinese road to communism is more relevant than the Russian for underdeveloped areas. This disagreement seems to be intimately bound up with a struggle for power and spheres of influence in Asia and other underdeveloped areas. The Soviet model has proved to have important weaknesses when applied to China, an underdeveloped Asian country. It is by no means obvious that the Chinese communists have as yet discovered a more suitable model for themselves. Of the factors which help account for differences in Russian and Chinese roads to socialism, the most important would seem to be the great difference in population-resource ratios the fact that the Chinese could benefit from Soviet mistakes and from Soviet help the fact that they had the benefit of twenty or more years of regional power the considerable differences in the manner in which the two parties acquired and in China before the seizure of power and, the fact that the two countries are at differing stages of socio-economic development. Prepared for presentation at a meeting of the Assn for Asian Studies, Boston, April 2-5, 1962.