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THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE ON THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LARGE-SCALE ORGANIZATIONS.
GEORGIA UNIV ATHENS
This study is a part of a project proposing to study the introduction of technological change and its impact on the career professionals and executives who run large-scale organizations technically and administratively. The study undertakes the task of analyzing the independent variable, i.e. the technological change variable. Concern is with two sources of innovations those generated by research in the physical sciences, and those generated by research in the social sciences. There is reason to believe that each type will tend to have a somewhat different impact on a large-scale organization, or may well affect the components of the organization in a somewhat different sequence. The typology has two distinguishable categories the mechanical-technical variety as generated by the physical sciences, and the administrative-social variety as generated by the social sciences. To study the impact of such innovations on large-scale organizations, it will also be necessary to have an organizational model of the basic components which comprise an organization. The components to be included are organizational goals the formal organization which includes the distribution of functional activities and the formal authority structure the informal organization and the reward system. Case studies of various large-scale organizations into which such change was introduced are examined. Represented in these case studies are industry, the military, hospitals, prisons, and the governmental agencies.
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