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INTERPERSONAL PREFERENCE AND THE MUTUAL GLANCE.
DELAWARE UNIV NEWARK CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
The hypothesis that positive affect as reflected in affectively based preference for one co-worker over another would be directly related to the amount of eye contact between an experimental S and two experimental confederates, was tested in a 2 x 2 x 2 variance design conditions x confederates x sessions for each sex. Fourteen Ss of each sex were, within each sex, randomly assigned to a control and an experimental group, and interacted with two confederates of their own sex. Half-way through the experiment Ss privately indicated to the experimenter which of the two confederates they liked the better. Ss eye contact with each confederate was recorded during both pre and post choice sessions. Indexes of eye contact were computed for Ss looking while speaking and looking while listening. Results showed that 1 While speaking, experimental female Ss increased in eye contact with the preferred and decreased eye contact with the nonpreferred confederate significantly more than did control females. The latters preferred and non-preferred confederates were identified via a post experimental questionnaire. 2 Experimental male Ss slightly, but not significantly, increased their eye contact with the preferred and slightly decreased eye contact with the non-preferred confederates, while control males decreased eye contact with both confederates.
Technical rept. no. 13,