The sharp distinction drawn by the Soviets between the concepts of arms control and disarmament is discussed. In the Soviet lexicon, the term arms control has been given a pejorative flavor. It has been associated with such alleged Western purposes as attempts to legalize nuclear war, to lend respectability to the arms race, and to facilitate espionage against the Soviet camp under the cover of control over armaments. In short, the Soviets generally have sought to picture arms control as a devious Western device to avoid genuine disarmament, which they define as reducing and ultimately doing away with armed forces and all their institutional appurtenances.
This paper was prepared for delivery at the Southern California Arms Control Workshop, El Segundo, 1-2 Oct 1964.