The technique of programmed instruction as a tool of learning has made phenomenal advances during the past few years. A great deal has been written about this instructional technique, its advantages and its limitations. This paper attempts to answer the question, Can programmed instruction be of value as a tool in the shipboard training and education program. A general discussion of basic theories of learning, history and development of programmed instruction, and types of programs and machines is presented. This forms the basis for a discussion of this learning technique and its application in the fleet. A chronological review of developments in the Navy and current utilization in the fleet is given. It is concluded that programmed instruction can make a major contribution toward achieving a more efficient shipboard training and education program. Several areas of possible application are suggested.