In the past decade the eye of the nation has been focused on the issue of racial equality as in no other time in our national history. All of our social institutions have felt the impact of the Negroes struggle for equality and acceptance. The Armed Forces have been profoundly affected by this struggle, in fact, have been thrust into a position of leadership in the movement to erase social barriers based on race. This paper is dedicated to an exploration of the roots of racial discrimination and prejudice to arrive at a better understanding of the myth of racial inequality. It examines the role the Negro has played in our Armed Forces in the past, discusses the integration breakthrough following World War II, and the extent of Negro participation in the Armed Forces today. The paper concludes with several recommendations to ameliorate the effect of discrimination, where it still exists, and to enrich in-service opportunity for the Negro serviceman.