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EFFECTS OF N AFFILIATION, SEX, AND THE SIGHT OF OTHERS UPON INITIAL COMMUNICATIONS IN PROBLEM-SOLVING GROUPS
DELAWARE UNIV NEWARK
The results were a Womens messages were significantly more person-oriented than were mens. b In w mens relative to men s groups S whose co-workers were visible requested significantly more personal information than did those whose co-workers were non-visible. c n affiliation was significantly and inversely related to the degree of control over others behavior attempted in the first message written in the proce s of group problem-solving. There was no evidence that n affiliation per se affected the degree of person relative to taskoriented communications, nor did n affiliation combine with visibility to produce effects upon either person-relevant or control-relevant communications. It was concluded that earlier findings concerning sex effects upon personorientation are reproducible and that n affiliation effec s upon decision procedures reflected weaker expressions of control by those high in n affiliation. Results were discussed in terms of a paradigm of group task requirements proposed by Roby and Lanzetta. Methodological implications of the use of scaling procedures to reduce the effort, and increase the reliability and v lidity of message analyses were discussed. Author