GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIV ALEXANDRIA VA HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH OFFICE
This study was designed to test 1 a method of raising the performance of basic trainees of below average intelligene, and 2 a method of raising the motivation-to-learn of trainees of all aptitudes. Two experimental companies were given regular Basic Combat training. The method used to raise the performance of low-aptitude trainees included 1 placing them in squads containing more high-aptitude trainees than is normal, 2 having squads complete on weekly proficiency tests, and 3 rewarding winning squads-not individuals. Thus high-aptitude men presumably had a strong incentive to help the low men in their squads learn more for the weekly competitions. The method used to raise the motivation-to-learn of trainees of all aptitude levels consisted of 2 and 3 above that is, squad competition and reward based on weekly tests. The principal findings of the study are 1 Low-aptitude men appear not to benefit from training with high-aptitude men. The proficiency of low-aptitude men varied little, regardless of the number of high-aptitude men in the squad, 2 The motivation-to-learn of trainees of all aptitudes can be increased decidedly by the use of squad competition and reward. These conditions increased proficiency by about 28 per cent in the experimental companies. In fact, low aptitude men in the experimental companies performed even better than average men in ordinary companies. The possible applications of the results are discussed. HRU Brief.
In cooperation with Humn Resources Research Office, George Washington U., Contract DA 49-106-qm-1.