Accession Number:

ADP204446

Title:

A Dynamic Linear Model for Three-Component Seismic Waveforms,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

BATTELLE PACIFIC NORTHWEST LABS RICHLAND WA

Report Date:

1995-08-14

Pagination or Media Count:

9.0

Abstract:

A three-component waveform is modeled as a sum of trigonometric functions using Dynamic Linear Modeling DLM, a statistical extension of Kalman filtering. The DLM method converts a waveform into a multivariate time series of amplitude and phase-angle estimates. This time series is then transformed into a multivariate time series of descriptive features such as magnitude, direction-of-travel and dimensionality which are more closely related to the underlying seismic phases. There are many possible transformations, and several are considered here. This paper also explores the expected behavior of the dimensionality, magnitude and direction-of-travel time series over the duration of a phase. Dynamic Linear Modeling and parameter transformation is illustrated with an artificial waveform having compressional and Rayleigh phases.

Subject Categories:

  • Seismology
  • Seismic Detection and Detectors
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE