Mammalian Cell Interactions with Nanophase Materials
RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INST TROY NY
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Adhesion of differentiated mammalian cells from various hard and soft tissues, including adult mesenchymal stem cells is different on nanophase than on microphaseconventional ceramics such as alumina, titania and hydroxylapatite as well as on composites of these ceramics with either polyL-lactic acid or polymethyl methacrylate. Most importantly, nanophase materials promote selective interactions, for example, of osteoblasts but not of fibroblasts. The type, amount and conformation of adsorbed proteins such as fibronectin, collagen and vitronectin are key aspects of the underlying mechanisms of subsequent cell interactions with nanophase materials. These cellularmolecular results provide evidence that nanophase biomaterials have the potential for improving the efficacy of implants and for promoting neotissue formation pertinent to tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and other clinical applications.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research