Accession Number:

ADP013672

Title:

Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer in a Square Duct at Low Reynolds Number

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

TRIESTE UNIV (ITALY) DEPT OF NAVAL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2001-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

8.0

Abstract:

In this paper, we present the results from Direct Numerical Simulations of turbulent, incompressible flow through a square duct, with an imposed temperature difference between two opposite walls, while the other two walls are assumed perfectly insulated. The mean flow is sustained by an imposed, mean pressure gradient. The most interesting feature, characterizing this geometry, consists in the presence of turbulence-sustained mean secondary motions in the cross-flow plane. In this study, we focus on weak turbulence, in that the Reynolds number, based on bulk velocity and hydraulic diameter, is about 4450. Our results indicate that secondary motions do not affect dramatically the global parameters, like friction factor and Nusselt number, in comparison with the plane-channel flow. This issue is investigated by looking at the distribution of the various contributions to the total heat flux, with particular attention to the mean convective term, which does not appear in the plane channel flow.

Subject Categories:

  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE