Hazard Materials Emergency Experience in Croatia
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT ZAGREB (CROATIA)
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Hazard materials toxic chemical substances are only one of group of technological hazards. Others are fire and explosions, radioactivity, break of supply, interior disturbances terrorism is one in-group, and dam failures. During the war in Croatia 19921993 was known what is necessity to do to protect people in ease of chemical emergency. In all activities for decrease damages, based on the factors hazard analysis, authority, organization, communication, resources and emergency plans was known. Only the problems has been the necessity of binding all operative organizations in comprehensive and efficient emergency system everywhere this is task of emergency management agency which is expert organization of government in case of crises. The same situation in Croatia is up to now. During the war we have tried to introduce in our practice SARA, Title III and emergency practice from Ohio State Hamilton Countys LEPC. We have performed hazard analyses for most dangerous chemicals and chemical weapons chlorine, ammonia, phosgene and arsine. It was known the LOC, IDLH values of chemicals and was not problem to determine hazard zones for different meteorological conditions. it was calculated 1992 hazard zones for LOC and IDLH for chemicals gas, liquid. and solids in city of Zagreb. Risk matrix can show us priorities in protection.
- Civil Defense