Sol-Gel Synthesis and Characterization of Neodymium-Ion Doped Nanostructured Titania Thin Films
DELAWARE UNIV NEWARK
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Nd doped TiO2 nanostructured thin films were prepared by sol-gel technique on quartz and Si substrates using TiCl4 precursor. As-deposited amorphous films were annealed to form anatase phase in the thin films. The film grain size increased with annealing temperature. Above 800 deg C, rutile began to segregate and the grain size decreased slightly. The photodegradation of 2-chlorophenol 2-CP was studied. Doping TiO2 with Nd3 reduced the photodegradation time. The difference in the ionic radii of Nd3 and Ti4 and the oxygen affinities of Nd and Ti were responsible for this effect. These differences help promote electron trapping, thereby increasing the lifetime of the holes which are responsible for the oxidation of 2-CP.
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- Properties of Metals and Alloys