Formation of Ordered Silica-Organic Hybrids by Self-Assembly of Hydrolyzed Organoalkoxysilanes with Long Organic Chains
WASEDA UNIV TOKYO (JAPAN)
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Various layered hybrid films prepared from organoalkoxysilanes with long organic chains, based on the self-assembly of the hydrolyzed species, are reviewed. Morphological control of transparent and oriented films was achieved by cohydrolysis and polycondensation with tetraalkoxysilanes. followed by dip- or spin-coating. In addition to alkyltrialkoxysilanes, alkyldimethylmonoalkoxy- and alkylmethyldialkoxy-silanes were also used as the structural units, implying that the inorganic-organic interface can be designed at a molecular level. In these cases, co-condensation in the precursor solution plays an essential role in the formation of homogeneous and ordered films. Alkenyltriethoxysilanes with terminal C C bonds were also employed to prepare layered hybrid films. Interlayer chains were polymerized upon UV irradiation, and the resulting films exhibited a significant increase in the hardness if compared with the films before polymerization. Hybrid films thus obtained are a new class of materials and of great interest for a wide range of materials chemistry.
- Organic Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy