Accession Number:

ADP011208

Title:

Potentiometrical Investigations of Nanocrystalline Copper

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

SAARLAND UNIV SAARBRUECKEN (GERMANY) DEPT OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1999-05-18

Pagination or Media Count:

10.0

Abstract:

Various samples of nanocrystalline copper have been investigated as electrodes in acid CuSO4 solutions, with the objective of examining growth and relaxation processes by studying the time dependence of the potential EPSILON. During the dissolution of Cu2O the disproportionation of Cu ions and the formation of nanocrystalline copper was detected in the EPSILONt curve. A simple model for estimating the surface relaxation according to the Gibbs-Wulff theorem was applied to crystals with shapes varying between cube and octahedron. When the edge atoms are included in the energetic calculations, the excess surface energy becomes dependent on the size of the crystals. Surface relaxation then interferes with crystal growing. In agreement with these results, no separate time region of relaxation could be found for the EPSILONt of nanocrystalline copper. It was shown that the accurate measurement of electrode potentials of copper requires attention to the specific electrochemical properties of copper, above all its extreme sensitivity to 0 traces. A simple procedure has been developed for trapping 02 in the cell and monitoring its absence electrochemically.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Crystallography
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE