Active Control of Combustion Instabilities in Gas Turbine Engines for Low Emissions. Part II: Adaptive Control Algorithm Development, Demonstration and Performance Limitations
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH CENTER EAST HARTFORD CT
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We present results of experiment with two distinct extremum-seeking adaptive algorithms for control of combustion instability suitable for reduction of acoustic pressure oscillations in gas turbine over large range of operating conditions. The algorithms consists of a frequency tracking Extended Kalman Filter to determine the in-phase component, the quadrature component, and the magnitude of the acoustic mode of interest, and a phase shifting controller with the controller phase tuned using an extremum-seeking algorithms. The algorithms are also applicable for control of oscillations of systems whose oscillation frequency and optimal control phase shift depends on operating conditions, and which are driven by strong broad-band disturbance. The algorithms have been tested in combustion experiments involving full-scale engine hardware and during simulated fast engine transients.
- Flight Control and Instrumentation
- Combustion and Ignition
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines