Optimization of the Passive Shock Absorber of a Military Aircraft
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT-UND RAUMFAHRT (DLR) WESSLING (GERMANY) INST OF AEROELASTICITY
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For a large military transport the potential is assessed to improve its behavior during touch down and ground run by optimization landing gear parameters. Four oleo force parameters were chosen for the optimization the damping coefficients at compression and expansion the pre-toad, and the length of the gas spring. With respect to feasibility the variation of the parameters is restricted to a band of 20 about the nominal value. Aim of the optimization is the reduction of the vertical acceleration at touchdown. During ground roll the ride index has to be minimized. Touch down and ground run were first treated separately. Thus a basis is provided to assess whether switching the damping can satisfy the requirements of both phases. In addition the complete cycle from touch down to roll out was investigated. Concerning the results It is to be observed that the optimal performance is achieved with the parameters at their limits. The performance in terms of reduction of acceleration. respectively improvement of ride comfort is enhanced by an amount between 20 and 30.
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