USAF Experience with Hyperbaric Therapy of Altitude Decompression Sickness (1941-1999)
SCHOOL OF AEROSPACE MEDICINE BROOKS AFB TX DAVIS HYPERBARIC LAB
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Decompression sickness DC S is characterized by a plethora of protean symptoms. It can range from mildly annoying to life threatening. Its etiology is tissue andor vascular bubbles. Indeed decompression sickness bas been a recognized disease since its first report by Triger in 1841. First noted in construction workers laboring in pressurized caissons and later in diving operations, decompression sickness was not even postulated in aviation until 1901 by von Schrotter. Later 1917 Henderson popularized the concept. Over the next forty years some 17, 000 cases of altitude DCS were described. At least 743 were considered serious and at least seventeen were fatal. However altitude decompression sickness was not treated with recompression until Behnke employed it in 1941. Indeed this paper describes the USAF treatment effort over the last fifty-eight years.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Stress Physiology