HE sub 1m Self Guided Modes: Vector Solutions and Stability,
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE MONTREAL (QUEBEC)
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Self-focusing in a medium of intensity-dependent refractive index has been extensively studied since the 60s. A particular case of self-focusing is the self-guided mode for which the natural tendency of a light beam to diffract is exactly compensated by the presence of a positive Kerr-law nonlinearity. A self-guided mode can also be seen as a mode of the waveguide it induces. In this paper, we present a study of the HE sub 1m self-guided modes of circular cross-section in an ideal homogeneous, non-saturable and without absorption Kerr-law nonlinear medium. Although scalar theory predicts, within its domain of validity, that these modes are unstable, our exact vectorial analysis shows that they are stable to cylindrical perturbations. This result is in accordance with the recent work of Chen and Snyder who established the need of taking into account the polarization of self-guided cylindrical TE and TM modes.
- Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics