Accession Number:

ADP006392

Title:

Polarimetric Techniques and Measurements at 95 and 225 GHz,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

MASSACHUSETTS UNIV AMHERST MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING LAB

Report Date:

1991-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

10.0

Abstract:

The University of Massachusetts has developed two high-power portable polarimetric radars operating at 95 and 225 GHz. The 95 GHz coherent polarimeter is configured to measure the complex scattering matrix of a target by transmitting a pair of orthogonally polarized pulses in rapid succession. We have also developed a noncoherent 225 GHz polarimetric radar which directly characterizes the target Mueller matrix by transmitting a sequence of four or six polarization states. In addition to reviewing the radar design and calibration, this paper summarizes measurements of natural and man-made objects made to date. These measurements include several varieties of trees, terrain, and snowcover. A model which approximates the Mueller matrix with a single parameter is introduced for a restricted class of clutter and is found to accurately predict the polarimetric behavior of vegetation and terrain at low incidence angles. We also present a two parameter approximation of the Mueller matrix that accurately models scattering from snowcover at large incidence angles.

Subject Categories:

  • Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment
  • Optics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE