Lattice Gas Hydrodynamics,
ADVISORY GROUP FOR AEROSPACE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRAN CE)
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Recently, the development of a poor man version of the molecular dynamics approach has been stimulated by progress and perspectives in parallel computers. Similarly as for molecular dynamics simulations, the prediction of flows in fluids will follow from a microscopic description of interacting particles, but here the particles are confined to points moving along the links of a regular lattice, and interactions reduce to simple mathematical rules. The motivation for using a lattice gas in fact, a well known model system in Statistical Physics to simulate hydrodynamics stems from the idea that the details of the microscopic properties should be unimportant to the macroscopic behavior of the fluid. So whether the fictitious micro-world one uses is a caricature of a real fluid does not matter as long as it produces correct hydrodynamics. To what extent does lattice gas hydrodynamics meet this goal To answer this question, we first build up the constitutive elements to construct a lattice gas then we put a model system to work and present the results of hydrodynamic simulations finally the computational aspects of present and future realizations are reviewed.
- Fluid Mechanics