Linguistic and Cultural Barriers to the Transfer of Information (Les Barrieres Linguistiques et Culturelles au Transfert de l'Information),
ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
A first chapter, describing the relative importance of languages in the world in 1987, shows that the world population makes use of about ten languages, each of which covers an area of the globe. The trends are revealed by an analysis of population density and socio-economic balances. The use of languages is studied, in the second chapter, in the field of science and Technology, according to the type of communication written or spoken and the contents from mathematics to technology and the tendencies are shown. A third chapter is devoted to the attempts which have been made to overcome the linguistic barrier - such as the introduction of a single common language esperanto, English or the development of the study of foreign languages. The problems of translation, linguistic and the computer are not dealt with. The detailed analysis of the cultural barrier, in the fourth chapter, is carried out by several approaches sociological, psychosociological, psychoanalytic and psycholinguistic in order to reveal the genuine individual and collective stakes. Lastly, a last chapter concentrates on future trends, such as the working of the Commission of the European Communities with its nine official languages, and to put forward some predictions on the linguistic state of the world at the beginning of the 21st century.
- Information Science