The Esprit Software Technology Programme 1985, and the Japanese Fifth Generation Conference 1984: Contrasting Approaches to Research into Information Technology,
PLESSEY ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS RESEARCH LTD ROKE MANOR (ENGLAND)
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It is now common knowledge that the announcement of the Japanese Fifth Generation Computing Programme in 1982 led to the announcement of a number of national and international programmes in Information Technology, including the Esprit programme. These are popularly considered as being in response to the Japanese initiative. However, the Esprit and the UK Alvey programmes had been preceded by some years of discussion between industrial and government representatives. They, therefore, overlap rather than follow the Japanese Programme and tend to cover a much wider range of subjects. Other differences in motivation, funding and industry participation mean that comparisons between the programmes are similar, to improve the national competitiveness in Information Technology, such comparisons must be made. This paper started out as two separate papers but, as the planners of the EWICS Conference placed them one after the other in the programme, it seemed sensible to merge the two papers. Having brought them together, an obvious next step was to compare the two approaches. The form of the paper reflects this history. The Esprit Software Technology Programme 1985 is described, followed by a report on the Japanese Fifth Generation Conference. A comparison between the approaches of the two programmes is then made.
- Computer Programming and Software