Fragment Hazard Investigation Program: Prediction of Quantity Distance Requirements for Mass-Detonating Ammunition Using a Monte Carlo Simulation Model
NAVAL SURFACE WEAPONS CENTER DAHLGREN VA
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The Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board DDESB has funded a continuing study of the quantity distance QD requirements for Class 1, Division 1 ammunition Mass-detonating at the Naval Surface Weapons Center NSWC. The main emphasis of the program has been methodology development using pallets of M107 155mm TNT loaded projectiles as a test vehicle. Previous reports have described the methodology developed to predict the far-field fragment hazards resulting from the detonation of stacks of projectiles. The empirical relations accurately predicted the total number of fragments recovered in the large-scale multiple pallet tests. However, prediction of the proportion of recovered fragments which would be considered hazardous KE58 ft-lbf was found to be unacceptably cumbersome. Consequently, it was decided to begin the development of a stochastic model to replace the original deterministic model. This report presents the results of the test and analysis effort pursued to validate the stochastic model. The details of the model development are presented elsewhere.
- Operations Research
- Safety Engineering
- Ammunition and Explosives