Three-Dimensional Simulations of an XUV Free-Electron Laser,
LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LAB NM
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Operation of free electron lasers at long optical wavelengths or 600 nm has now been successfully demonstrated at several laboratories. To operate a free electron laser at shorter wavelengths imposes constraints on the brightness of the electron beam which are difficult to achieve. Until recently, it was perceived that only an electron storage ring could satisfy these beam requirements. However, our previous 1 D theoretical calculations revealed that modest improvements in the emittance available from rf linear accelerators would be sufficient to allow operation of an FEL in the XUV spectral range. A new theoretical results is presented for the design of a linac driven XUV FEL derived from an improved simulation model. The model is fully three dimensional in its treatment of the undulator magnetic field, the optical radiation field, and the motion of electrons in a finite emittance beam. Furthermore, the model computes self-consistently the motion of the electrons and the amplification, diffraction, and the refraction of the light within the undulator magnet. Propagation of the optical beam and reflection at the mirrors of the optical resonator are incorporated in the model so that a complete laser oscillator solution can be generated. The computed performance parameters of a particular XUV FEL oscillator design will be compared with the output of synchrotron radiation sources.