An Examination of Injury Criteria for Potential Application to Explosive Safety Studies
ARMY BALLISTIC RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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A state-of-the-art assessment of research into and the modeling of wounding mechanisms and phenomena is described. The results of an extensive survey of the literature are presented along with recommendations for replacement of the presently used 58 ft-lb rule. The data and models located have been evaluated with respect to applicability to explosive safety studies which typically require quantification of the fragment impact hazards to personnel. Major topics for discussion include penetrating and non-penetrating injury mechanisms and models, wounding thresholds, military incapacitation criteria, and existing safety criteria, as well as recommendations for formulation of new criteria.
- Safety Engineering