Blast and Fragment Loading on Containment Structures - A Manual Overview
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX
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A manual was prepared to aid the government in designing an explosion containment structures to be used for the demilitarization of chemical munitions. Other manuals are available for the prediction of blast and fragment loadings however, these are directed toward bare explosives and conventional munitions. Chemical munitions combine the non-ideal effects of casing, chemical agent around the charge, and non-spherical charge shape. This manual was prepared to direct the user on the procedures to be followed to predict the blast and fragment loading from chemical munitions. Specifically, the loadings are those to be used in the design of an ECS in a demilitarization facility. During the preparation of this manual, tests were performed at NSWC, Dahlgren, Virginia, to supplement the very limited previous data base for both blast and fragments and to confirm the applicability of the prediction procedures presented here. The munitions tested are those planned for demilitarization at Johnston Island however, the manual is written to be general for all chemical munitions and demilitarization facilities.