Impact of Future Aircombat Characteristics on Pilot Performance and Cockpit Design,
MESSERSCHMITT-BOELKOW-BLOHM G M B H MUNICH (GERMANY F R)
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Future medium- and short-range weapons are expected to change aircombat characteristics significantly. Medium-range MR weapon technology and performance will force a supersonic maneuvering type aircombat with sustained energy as well as highly dynamic character in terms of climbdescent rates and spatial position changes. All-aspect capabilities of new short-range SR weapons will establish their employment from head-on, at least frontal hemisphere positions. The SR-aircombat is characterized by instantaneous maneuvering and is drifting to lower speeds and lower loadfactor levels. The MR head-down aircombat is expected to influence pilot performance to a large degree and pose problems concerning spatial disorientation manual versus automatic maneuvering, degree of automation aircraft performance monitoring and mental processing of tactical situation information. Solution requirements are postulated to divide human and system tasks. System automation and integration is discussed to reduce pilot workload and create a time margin for qualified decision-making. A tactical Information Command System is discussed and a tactical displays layout proposed.