The first part of this presentation deals with epidemiological aspects of combat burn injury in the 1982 Israeli-Lebanese conflict. The second part tries to evaluate care and treatment of the burned soldiers. Excluded from this presentation are Lebanese civilians hospitalized in several of the burn units. All burned soldiers were interviewed as soon as they recovered from the resuscitation period by medical non-doctor personnel. Details of the injury and other relevant points were recorded on a prepared questionnaire for computer workup. At a later stage the author reviewed all medical files of these soldiers to verify the medical details and extract all important facts for this presentation. Eighty-five percent of the soldiers with over 20 BSA burns or those with less extensive but deep burns were personally examined by the author.