The Development of a Multi-Sensor System for Assessing a Threat Order of Battle,
SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA
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The key to survival is a tactical environment is the ability to understand, assess, and anticipate the evolving threat situation. This perception of the threat is a necessary prerequisite for formulating an appropriate response, such as avoidance, countermeasures, or suppression. While background information to prepare the tactical commander for this task is provided from intelligence estimates and reconnaissance data, real- or near-real-time information is derived during the actual engagement from electronic support measures ESM systems. In the past, an ESM system such as a radar warning receiver could identify threat systems from measured signal parameters of weapon-related radars. Present and anticipated threat systems, however, have evolved to the point where current ESM systems are no longer adequate. There are three main options to consider for a satisfactory solution to the problem of providing near-real-time threat deployment information. The first possibility is a system that includes a human operator to control and monitor data from the sensor suite, and draw appropriate conclusions. A second approach is to make a semiautomatic system by tailoring special-purpose combinations of sensors into super-sensors. The third approach is to build an automatic system that can operate a variety of sensors, integrate and interpret their data, and have the flexibility to adapt to changing situations.