Psychiatric Symptoms and Syndromes as Related to Deviancies in Brain Functioning and Structure: Review of Research and Role of Clinical Neuropsychology,
MADIGAN ARMY MEDICAL CENTER TACOMA WA
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This paper reviews research associating various psychiatric disorders and symptoms with deviant aspects of human brain functioning. Most of the data reviewed relate psychiatric conditions to the presence of certain behavioral characteristics which are presumed to reflect some underlying abnormality in brain functioning. Relevant studies on heterogeneous psychiatric populations, schizophrenia, learning and behavior disorders, and certain specific personality variables are examined. Inferences are drawn regarding the hypothesized relationship of brain dysfunction to psychiatric disorders and the particular symptom clusters and behavioral characteristics that might be relevant in this respect are identified. Additionally, the potential contributions of Neuropsychology to both clinical and research efforts in this area are discussed.