Short-Term Socially-Approved Father Absence: A Review of the Literature with Implications for Further Research,
OFFICE OF THE SURGEON GENERAL (ARMY) WASHINGTON D C
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A broad range of literature exists on how father-absence affects the personal, social, and intellectual development of children, however, these have frequently involved simple-minded comparison of the differences between children reared in homes with or without fathers. Usually little attention is paid to such factors as the time and cause of separation from the father, the age of the child at time of testing, and the stresses and variations in family functioning that might mediate any differences found in children from intact or fatherless families Hetherington and McIntyre, 1975, p. 123. Biller 1970, in probably the most comprehensive review to date, determined that the effects of father absence are profound and long-lasting and that these effects are especially severe in the male child. A review of subsequent literature has supported the contentions professed by most early researchers.