Research Integration: An Essential for Department of Defense Psychological Research
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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The meta-analysis approach has been used to integrate research findings in dozens of topical areas, primary in the disciplines of psychology and education. It is important that such efforts be continued in order to determine what we can confidently conclude from our research as well as to identify gaps in our knowledge. In fact, it is likely that journal editors eventually will require that a meta-analysis approach be used for all literature reviews. Until now, most research integration has concerned the civilian sector. These findings will have their greatest applicability for DoD civilian research. Little quantitative integration seems to have been accomplished for research relating to military populations and settings. At present, we are not certain to what extent findings based on civilian populations apply to the military. It will be important to use the meta-analysis approach to integrate the military research and then to compare the resulting findings with those of research conducted in the civilian sector.