Accession Number:

ADP003292

Title:

Animal Models of Human Performance: Structural and Functional Approaches to Extrapolating from Animal to Man,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1984-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

5.0

Abstract:

Research with non-human animals is performed to solve human problems. Two different means of extrapolating from behavioral experiments with animals to human behavior are described. The structural approach emphasizes topographical similarity between the animal test situation and the human situation of interest. The functional approach emphasizes behavioral functions and controlling variables, and minimizes the importance of topographical similarity. Two experiments are presented to illustrate the functional approach, one dealing with the effects of chronic marihuana use upon performance, and another dealing with the issue of memory deficits produced by chemical warfare antidotes. Author

Subject Categories:

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE