Changes in Attitudes Toward Women at the Air Force Academy
AIR FORCE ACADEMY COLORADO SPRINGS CO
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Sex-role attitudes were measured at the Air Force Academy by Marshak, DeFleur, and Gillman 1976, using the Attitudes toward Women Scale Spence Helmreich, 1972. The attitudes were significantly less egalitarian than those held by male college students at the University of Texas at Austin. Festingers Cognitive Dissonance Theory 1957 predicts that as perceptions of mandated social change decrease, attitudes held by cadets would become more egalitarian. In cadets sampled in 1983, males are significantly more egalitarian than in 1976, but theres no significant difference between 1983 cadets and 1980 college students. Theres a significant trend in male cadets the longer hes been at the Academy, the more egalitarian he is. As expected, comparison between 1983 male and female cadets showed women were significantly more egalitarian than men.