The Effects of REFORGER (Return of Forces to Germany) Exercise Participation on Soldiers' Attitudes
WILLIAM BEAUMONT ARMY MEDICAL CENTER EL PASO TX
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Thousands of DOD personnel annually participate in REFORGER REturn of FORces to GERmany exercises along with other NATO Allies. Pre and post REFORGER Unit Status Questionnaires, similar to surveys utilized by Israeli Defense Force IDF battle psychologists, were administered to two hundred and fifty two soldiers in an armored cavalry squadron which participated in REFORGER 83, Exercise Confident Enterprise. Analysis focused on determining the effects of the units participation in REFORGER. A factor analysis of both the pre and post REFORGER Unit Status Questionnaires yielded a set of five factors View of the Unit Unit Communication Self-Evaluation Evaluation of the Enemy, and Individual Morale. Participation in REFORGER had no significant effect on any of these factors. However, further analysis revealed that there were significant differences between certain groups on a number of dimensions such as previous REFORGER participation type of MOS pay grade, and unit. Implications for unit training and for the utilization of mental health personnel in combat are examined.