The Standardization of Bibliographic Data,
ROYAL LIBRARY BRUSSELS (BELGIUM)
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Development of large machine-readable bibliographic data bases, functioning as union catalogues, is a remarkable step forward in the evolution of the library and information world. Library networks, like all co-operative projects, function efficiently only if the composing parts are constructed according to generally accepted norms. This paper discusses the different aspects of the standardization of bibliographic data. First the bibliographic contents part is handled. Cataloguing rules, the Paris Principles, the ISBD, filing rules and subject indexing are looked at. Next the more computer-oriented aspects are treated, namely the content designation and the physical format structure. These concern the MARC II format, UNIMARC, the UNISIST reference manual and the CCF. The progress made in the library community as well as in the documentation world is surveyed. Finally a practical application of the standards is presented through description of NEWWAVE which is the on-line cataloguing and information retrieval system developed and used at the Royal Library in Brussels.