Archeological Records of Naiad Mussels Along the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway,
ARMY ENGINEER DISTRICT MOBILE ALA
Pagination or Media Count:
Ongoing construction of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway has focused the attention of the malacological community on the potentially threatened mollusk populations that inhabit the upper Tombigbee River. A number of studies document the mussel species which inhabit the Tombigbee River and its tributaries. Important studies include Hinkley 1906, van der Schalie 1939, 1981, Williams and Stansbery 1972, and Yokley 1975, 1980, 1982. These studies describe historical mussel populations but do not speculate upon their prehistoric makeup. In the absence of prehistoric accounts malacologists can speculate on the makeup of past mussel populations by utilizing archeological evidence. Recent archeological excavation in connection with the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway has discovered five sites which contained sufficient mussel valves to make analysis worthwhile. These five sites are Kellogg 22C1527, Yarborough 22C1814, Lubbub Creek 1Pi85, 1Gr1x1, and 1Gr2 Figure 1. The Mobile District contracted for and supervised the excavations of these sites.