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Interactive Combat Simulation as an Experimental Tool for the Evolution of C3I (Command, Control, Communication, and Intelligence) Systems,
HOCHSCHULE DER BUNDESWEHR MUNICH (GERMANY F R)
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In the past 20 years significant effort was spent on developing and improving Command, Control, Communication, and Intelligence Systems C3I. Bureaucratic institutionalization of the cost-effectiveness approach within the framework has contributed to the isolated assessment of C3I, resulting in highly centralized systems that maximize use of modern technology for its own sake. However, C3I is but one of five interdependent principal elements of defence systems requiring its assessment in terms of how much it contributes, together with other elements, to the accomplishment of the overall defence mission. The complementarity and degree of substitutability between the physical and the conceptual elements of defence systems must be explicitly considered, not the least with a view to limitation of available resources. Such an assessment may only be accomplished through dynamic analyses which account explicitly for the interaction of all system elements in combat. Thus the military decision-maker into such simulations permits making the decision-making process object of exploratory research and developing in an evolutionary manner, decision support software. One example shows how cognitive maps of military commanders may be retrieved by means of interactive combat simulations another shows an approach to develop tactical decision models by means of such simulations.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE