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Pond Design and Management for Coastal Aquaculture,
ALABAMA DEPT OF CONSERVATION AND NATURAL RESOURCES GULF SHORES CLAUDE PETEET MARICULTURE CENTER
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Pond design and layout will ultimately determine the degree to which a pond can be managed. Preliminary survey of a prospective site should include soil analysis for water retention capabilities. Promising sites with permeable soils can sometimes be sealed to reduce water loss by mechanical means or through the addition of materials which form an impermeable blanket. The size of a pond is determined by many variables, including the topography of the land, available capital, construction expense, market demand of the product being cultured, and available labor. The pond bottom should slope toward the drain location with a minimum ratio of 11000. Harvest areas, or catch basins, are recommended for production ponds and should comprise approximately 10 percent of the pond area or be large enough to maintain the pond production during the harvest operation.
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