Prediction of Human Injury Levels for Accidental Explosions Inside Aircraft Shelters,
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX
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A method is presented to quantify the level of hazard to which personnel in the vicinity of an accidental explosion in an aircraft shelter would be exposed. Probability as a function of distance from an explosion for personnel injury has been defined using state-of-the-art methodologies in conjunction with the blast field and fragment distributions predicted or measured for two accident scenarios 1 10,000 kg net explosive weight in a Norwegian shelter, and 2 5,000 kg net explosive weight in a Norwegian shelter. Consideration was given to personnel located in the open, inside a two-story concrete building, and inside a one-story wood building, The prediction methods presented combine probability of injury or fatality given exposure to blast or fragments, with a probability of exposure to define the specific hazard to humans in the event of an internal ordnance explosion in a Norwegian aircraft shelter.