An Assessment of the Current State-of-the-Art of Incapacitation by Air Blast
ARMY BALLISTIC RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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Target vulnerability methodology requires a criticality measure for all internal components which contribute to a system or to a systems weapon effectiveness, including that of the human target. Such measures have been developed for personnel targets for kinetic energy penetrators however, there is presently no generally accepted quantitative measure of incapacitation to infantry or crew personnel from the prime blast threat. To address this need, an assessment of the current state-of-the-art of incapacitationinjury by air blast has been made through survey of both early and modern research of blast effects against personnel. The models which were generated ranged from those associated with temporary threshold shifts in hearing to those for 99 percent mortality. Bounding these two extremes were a number of studies characterizing injury or physiological damage, to which incapacitation may be related or inferred by establishing limits beyond which an individual cannot effectively perform his designated mission.
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