Design of a Detonation Chamber for Demilitarizing Munitions,
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX
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In this paper, we present the ideas and methods used in the concept development of a detonation chamber for use in an ordnance disposal facility. Unstable, outdated munitions would be intentionally detonated in the chamber. The chamber had three important design criteria 1 it should not allow missile or explosive products to escape to the environment, 2 it should operate on a 23-minute cycle from disposal detonation to detonation, and 3 it should contain detonations involving up to 100 lb of TNT equivalent energy. To satisfy the environmental demands, simple disposal methods such as detonating the ordnance in the open are eliminated. An inventory of ordnance types intended for disposal was reviewed to define the worst case fragment hazard.