Optical Sensing Device Containing Fiber Bragg Gratings
Patent application, filed 1 Aug 2000
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
A new optical sensing device containing fiber Bragg gratings a scanning bandpass filter, an interferometer and multiple photodetectors is disclosed. The present invention also describes a new system and method for fibre Bragg grating FBG sensor interrogation and multiplexing. The new system combines a scanning Fabry-Perot SEP bandpass filter used to wavelength-multiplex multiple gratings in a single fiber, and an unbalanced Mach-Zehnder fibre interferometer made with a 3 x 3 coupler to detect strain-induced wavelength shifts. A passive technique for interferometer drift compensation using non-sensing FBGs is included in the system. A complete prototype system interrogates four gratings in a single fiber at a Nyquist sampling rate up to 10 kHz, with a noise floor measured near 4 nEpsilon Hz-2 above 0.1 Hz. The inclusion of the interferometer drift compensation technique is shown to make quasi-static measurements feasible.
- Optical Detection and Detectors
- Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics