Hybrod Brillouin/Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier Apparatus and Method
Patent application, filed 30 Jul 2001
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
A method and apparatus to enable the use of low cost high RIN optical sources for microwave photonic links by combining the wide-gain bandwidth and low cost of an EDFA, with the narrow gain bandwidth of a Brillouin amplifier. The hybrid BrillouinEDEA hybrid amplifier apparatus of the present invention includes at least two couplers, a phase modulator, an Erbium-doped fiber, a laser source to pump the Erbium fiber, an optical circulator, and a length of fiber used for Brillouin amplification. Optical signals from the laser source are split into two optical paths by a polarization maintaining coupler. Optical signals passing through a first path are amplified by the Erbium doped fiber, and the amplified signals are passed through the optical circulator before sending the optical signals into one end of a spool of fiber in order to pump the Brillouin acoustic wave. Optical signals that follow a second path are phase modulated in a phase modulator at the Brillouin frequency and injected into an opposite end of the fiber spool in order to seed the Brillouin amplifier and improve its low frequency stability. The output of the Brillouin section of the hybrid amplifier is directed through the optical circulator, and the output may be used as an optical source for a-photonic link.
- Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics