Accession Number:

ADD018795

Title:

Ultra High Density, Non-Volatile Ferromagnetic Random Access Memory

Descriptive Note:

Patent, filed 27 Apr 95, patented 26 Aug 97

Corporate Author:

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1997-08-26

Pagination or Media Count:

14.0

Abstract:

A random access memory element utilizes giant magnetoresistance. The element includes at least one pair of ferromagnetic layers sandwiching a nonmagnetic conductive layer. At least one of the two ferromagnetic layers has a magnetic moment oriented within its own plane. The magnetic moment of at least the first ferromagnetic layer of the pair has its magnetic moment oriented within its own plane and is typically fixed in direction during use. The second ferromagnetic layer of the pair has a magnetic moment which has at least two preferred directions of orientation. These preferred directions of orientation may or may not reside within the plane of the second ferromagnetic layer. The bit of the memory element may be set by applying to the element a magnetic field which orients the magnetic moment of the second ferromagnetic layer in one or the other of these preferred orientations. Once the bit is set, the value of the determined by the relative alignment of the magnetic moments of the first and second ferromagnetic layers. This value may be read by applying an interrogating current across the memory element, perpendicular to the plane within which the magnetic moment of the first ferromagnetic layer is oriented and observing the variation in resistance. These ferromagnetic elements may be fabricated using conventional photolithography. Groups of these ferromagnetic element may be organized into word trees and other arrays.

Subject Categories:

  • Electrical and Electronic Equipment
  • Computer Hardware

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE