N-(2-Hydroxyethyl Nitrate)-2, 4, 6-Trinitrobenzamide.
Patent Application, Filed 15 Jun 92,
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC
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This invention relates to energetic aromatic compounds and more particularly to energetic aromatic nitrate esters. Missile systems often require explosives that can withstand short-term 30 minutes exposure to temperatures in the vicinity of 150 deg C and above due to aerodynamic heating. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate PETN is the highest melting of the commonly available nitrate esters, but its melting point 140 deg C precludes its use in such missiles. U.S. Patent number 5,081,255 titled, High Melting Aromatic Nitrate Esters, which issued to Michael E. Sitzmann on January 14, 1992, discloses several higher melting nitrate esters. These esters generally contain one or more -NHCH3CH2ONO2 amine groups attached to the aromatic ring. The -NHCH2CH2ONO2 groups in the aromatic nitrate esters are produced by nitration of -NHCH2CH2OH substituents on the aromatic ring.
- Ammunition and Explosives
- Organic Chemistry