Nested Microstrip Arrays.
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
An antenna structure in which two or more microstrip arrays are disposed on top of each other to minimize the required space. The shape of the microstrip elements and the polarization thereof are chosen so that the individual elements radiate only in specific areas along the edges of the elements with the remainder of the element having no appreciable electric field concentration. Because of the operating frequency of a microstrip element is a function of the size of the element, a second antenna of smaller higher-frequency elements may be disposed over a larger lower-frequency antenna such that the higher frequency antenna does not cover the areas of the lower antenna that radiate but lies over only those areas having no appreciable electric fields concentrations. Increasingly higher-frequency antennas can be placed on top of the lower-frequency antennas if the foregoing conditions are maintained with respect to all of the covered antennas. This arrangement permits separate feed networks and omnidirectional coverage or directional coverage for each of the arrays independent of the others. Patents
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment