Phase Scanned Microstrip Array Antenna.
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON DC
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This document describes a microstrip array antenna, including spaced radiator elements supplied with microwave power and separated from an underlying ground reference plane by a layer of dielectric material, in which the antenna beam is phase scanned by periodically closing switching devices connected between the reference plane and at least one null point of each radiator element. In one embodiment, the radiator elements are identical rectangular patches disposed along a path, each patch having a length parallel to the path of one-half wavelength and a width transverse to the path not exceeding one wavelength in the underlying dielectric material at the antenna operating frequency. The patches are connected in series to receive microwave power by conductive strip elements whose widths are selected to effect a desired distribution of radiated microwave power from the patches.
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